The contributions of civil society through development initiatives have been instrumental in addressing various socio-economic challenges societies face. For instance, there is evidence that community-based intervention packages have had a substantial impact on child and new-born mortality in Mozambique. On the political front, in Senegal, civil society initiatives contributed to the ‘downfall of former president Abdoulaye Wade, his son and heir apparent, Karim Wade, and a number of formerly powerful members of his government’ who were accused of corruption. Civil society organisations (CSOs) have also filled the gaps left by governments’ failures to deliver reliable and efficient public services and address some of the challenges faced in communities.
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