Accountability, transparency, participation and inclusion are four principles which have become nearly universal features of the policy statements and programs of international development organisations. Yet this apparently widespread new consensus is deceptive: behind the ringing declarations lie fundamental fissures over the value and application of these concepts. Social accountability is slowly becoming an effective response to the governance deficit in West Africa. The region has recorded great strides in electoral democracy and citizen’s engagement with electoral process but has been slow in translating electoral democracy to good governance.
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